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We insure market participants against unlikely events (‘tail risks’) in regulated equity markets. This is implemented by selling put and call options on liquid stock indices, such as the AEX and the EUROSTOXX 50.

We receive a premium for the limited risk we take. We maximize this premium within our investment mandate based on our econometric risk models.

We manage our risk through a rigorous risk management system that we have developed and perfected over more than 20 years. Capital preservation is paramount.

 The positions we take are always short-term. We secure our profit (premium) by letting the insurance expire, or by ‘rolling over’ the insurance to the next period.

 We repeat the above steps for each period, which is typically between 20 and 45 days.



Our target is an annual net return for investors of 6%-10% after fees and costs. Over the past 15 years (2009-2023), our strategy shows a stable net return of 11.6% per annum after fees and costs. In the past five years, the net return for investors was 13.8% per year. The AEX, including dividends, returned 11.0% and 12.4% respectively during those periods. A savings account yielded 1.2% and 0.3% respectively.

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Apple Tree Fund was formally founded on 18 December 2020, and has started investing since 1 February 2021. The returns over the past five years are actual, realized net returns for the period 2019-2023 by executing the Fund’s strategy. Because actual results before 2018 have not been recorded in detail, the performance for the period 2009-2023 is a combination of net returns based on simulations of the Fund’s strategy (2009-2018) and the actual realized net returns (2018-2023). The AEX-index with dividends fully reinvested was used as the basis for the simulations. Past performance does not guarantee future results. There is a risk of negative returns. How we keep that risk at a minimum, we have described below.

Risk Category

Risk Category


European Union (EU) laws and regulations oblige investment funds to determine a risk classification (1 = low risk, 7 = high risk), supervised in The Netherlands by the Authorities  for Financial Markets (AFM). It applies standardized methodologies that no fund can deviate from to calculate the fund's risk category.

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Apple Tree Fund has risk category 2 (low risk), following the standardized EU risk classification for funds.

Risk management

Risk Management

We understand that investing in derivatives can be seen as risky. The core of our strategy has long been used by options traders and investment professionals. Our unique position and stable results (more than 95% of our net monthly returns are positive over the period 2005-2020) are a result of our unique risk management system that we have developed, based on econometric models and clear risk indicators keeps our risk low. Strict rules, no emotions, no exceptions.

Our investments are made on the basis of predefined criteria and safety measures with capital preservation as the starting point. We then optimize profits to match our desired low level of risk. Finally, we monitor global financial markets and geo-political developments with a potential impact on our positions. Our risk system dictates how we should handle that information.


The strict rules limit a possible negative impact of (extreme) market shocks on our return. For example, during the recent COVID crisis, the risk indicators came into play and the impact was limited to a 3.3% loss in March (after fees and costs), while global stock markets suffered 30-40% losses. Within three months we had turned the loss into a positive net result. For all of 2020, the net return was 15.6%.


We apply our risk framework to protect our investors’ capital. But we are also supervised ourselves, by an independent Depositary that protects the interests of Apple Tree Fund investors. In addition, the Depositary is the legal owner of the Fund’s assets invested by the investors. We, the Fund Manager, only have access to these assets for the purpose of managing them within our mandate.


Even a professional risk management system does not prevent all risks. An investment in the Fund involves financial opportunities, but also financial risks associated with investing in general and investing in derivatives in particular. That means it is possible that the investment in the Fund will increase in value, but it is also possible that the investment in the Fund will generate little or no income and that all or part of the investment in the Fund will be lost. On this website, and in more detail, in the Information Memorandum, we explain the risks that exist and how we manage them, and we are happy to further explain this in person.

Costs & Transparancy

Costs & Transparency

We use a simple fee structure. Investors pay 2.40% per year. There are no entry and exit fees, no performance fees, no fine print.


In terms of costs, investors only pay the transaction costs for the contracts the Fund concludes. These depend on the number of transactions that may take place in an investment period. The transaction costs are not known in advance and are difficult to project because of the volatility of these costs, meaning that the costs can fluctuate significantly during the month. However, higher transaction costs usually go hand in hand with higher returns. For more information, please refer to the section 'Fees and costs' in the Information Memorandum (IM) and to the Key Information Document (KID), which can be downloaded below in the ‘Downloads’ section.  

This is it. Plain and clear. Just as we are clear about the results. Investors receive a monthly report with information about their investments, including their capital development, with monthly and cumulative results over the entire investment period. Additionally, an annual report is issued that can be used for tax returns.



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